See also Miscellaneous: Texts and Sources
Boorman, John, West African Butterflies andMoths, Longman, 1970
Booth, A. H., Small Mammals of West Africa,Longman, 1960
Cansdale, G. S., West African Snakes, Longman,1961
Elgood, J. H., Birds of the West African Town andGarden, Longman, 1960
Ghana HerbalPharmacopoeia, PORSPI/TTC/CSIR 1992
Gledhill, D, West African Trees, Longman, 1972
Hawthorne,W, Field Guide to the Forest Trees of Ghana, NRI/ODA.
Serle,W, G.J. Morel, W. Hartwig, A Field Guide to the Birds of West Africa, Collins,1977
SACRED LEAVES OF Candomblé. African magic, medicine and religion in Brazil. By Robert A. Voeks. 236pp. Austin: University of TexasPress
Voeks describes how, while their masters were introducing temperate agrosystems to the tropical environment, Brazilian slaves were discovering analogues to the flora they had left behind in West Africa. Infact, the natural environment of Bahia, linked geographically to West Africa in former times as part of the supercontinent Gondwana, is not far removed from that of Nigeria and Benin (formerly Dahomey). Some of the key ingredients of traditional West African medicine (and cuisine), such as dende palm oil, were easily introduced and cultivated in the New World. For others, such as the sacred iroko tree, Afro-Brazilians found botanically related substitutes.
John Ryle, Times Literary Supplement 31 July 1998
Park, Mungo Travelsin the Interior of Africa 1799
302 p;Shea butter. Tree never cut down. Fruit,kernel first dried in the sun. Kernel boiled in water to produce butter. Kernel is enveloped in a sweet pulp, under a thin green rind. Butterkeeps a whole year without salt. Whiter, firmer and of a richer flavour than cow milk
The baobab tree:
The shea-nut tree