See also Attitudes to Slavery: Texts and Sources


Akosua AdomaPerbi, A History of Indigenous Slavery in Ghana from the 15th to the 19thCentury (ISBN 9988-550-32-4),  Sub-Saharan Publishers, P O Box 358, Accra,Ghana.


Austin,Gareth, Human Pawning in Asante, 1800-1920, Markets and Coercion, Gender andCocoa, (in Toyin, Fabola and Lovejoy, Paul E., Pawnship in Africa, WestvillePress)

Fage, J.D., Slavery and the Slave Trade in the Context of West African History, Jour AfrHist X 3 1969 393-404

Fynn, J.K.,Asante and Its Neighbours, 1700-1807, Longman 1971

Fynn, J.K.,Oral Traditions of Fante States No. 4 Edina (Elmina)

Fynn, J.K.,The Reign and Times of Kusi Obodum 1750-64 Trans Hist Soc of Ghana

Fynn, J.K.,The Structure of Greater Asante - Another View JHSG XV(1) 1974

Hutton,William, A Voyage to Africa, London 1821

Klein, A.Norman, West African Unfree Labor Before and After the Rise of the AtlanticSlave Trade

Klein, A.,The Two Asantes: Competing Interpretations of Slavery in Akan-Asante Culture andSociety

Lovejoy,Paul (ed), The Ideology of Slavery in Africa, Beverly Hills 1981

Lovejoy,Paul, African Transformation in Slavery, A history of slavery in Africa CUP 1983

Metcalf, G A, Microcosm of why Africans sold slaves: Akan, consumption patternsin the 1770s. Jour Afr. History Vol 28 no 3 1987 pp 377-394

Miers,Suzanne and Igor Kopytoff (eds), Slavery in Africa, Madison Wisconsin 1977

Ogot,Heinemann and J E Inikori, Africa in World History: the export slave trade fromAfrica and the emergence of the Atlantic economic order

Perbi, Akosua Adoma, A History of IndigenousSlavery in Ghana from the  15th to the 19th Century,  Sub-SaharanPublishers, P O Box 358, Accra, Ghana. 2004 ISBN 9988-550-32-4

Reynolds,Edward, Stand the Storm, A History of the Atlantic Slave Trade, Allison andBusby, 1985

Reynolds,Edward, Trade and Economic Changes in the Gold Coast 1807-1874, Longmans, 1974

Robertson,Claire C., and Martin A Klein,  Women and Slavery in Africa Univ. ofWinsconsin Press 1983

Rodney,Walter A, History of the Upper Guinea Coast, OUP 1970

Rodney,Walter, Gold and Slaves on the Gold Coast Trans Hist Soc Gha vol 10 1969

Singleton,Theresa A, The Slave Trade Remembered On The Former Gold And Slave Coasts,Slavery & Abolition 1999 20(1) 150-169

Uzoigwe, GN, The Slave Trade and African Societies Tr Hist Soc Gh Vol XIV no 22 Dec 73 pp187-212